The fruit is used for high blood pressure. Wings are almost entirely hyaline with the subcostal cell yellow, a very faint tinge of yellow along the costal margin in apex of cell R1, and a narrow brown spot at lower apex of cell R3 and upper apex of cell R5. In the West Indies, it is found in Trinidad (White and Elson-Harris 1994). Kapoor VC, Hardy DE, Agarwal ML, Grewal JS. Figure 10. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. If an infestation were to go unchecked and to become established in U.S. areas such as California or Florida, Bactrocera correcta has the potential to become a major pest of citrus, peach and several kinds of tropical and subtropical fruit hosts. Bactrocera zonata, in India called "the Ranchi peach-pest," is very injurious to peach, mango, and several other fruits, including ripe Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa (Bael fruit), Careya arborea Roxb., Ficus carica L. (cultivated fig, common fig, lemon fig), Lagenaria vulgaris (white gourd), and Manilkara zapota (L.) Van Royen (as Achras sapota) (sapodilla), all of which must be considered potential hosts of Bactrocera correcta. Of the two additional adult males detected, one was trapped in a Jackson/methyl eugenol trap hung in a peach tree in Westminster, the other in a Jackson/methyl eugenol trap deployed in a grapefruit tree in Midway City. Figure 9. The rasper is well developed, hooks elongate, slender, in four or five rows. Figure 6. Pruitt JH. 1994. 44-134. Initial research suggests that compounds in guava leaf extract could help treat a number of conditions, such as type 2 … Photograph taken in Australia. Immature stages of Bactrocera correcta have not been described in the literature, and specimens were unavailable to the senior author from which to prepare descriptions. Adult: The adult fruit fly is rather small to medium sized; yellow brown, thorax patterned with black. Figure 11. This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. sector exam. Within Florida, two flies were captured in the Titusville area (Brevard County) in August 1999. This species is found in Mexico (north to southern Sinaloa, Aguascalientes and northern Veracruz) and south to Peru, Bolivia and Brazil. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) has also been known as: Chaetodacus correctus Bezzi, Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Photograph by Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. Fully grown maggot falls to ground and pupates in soil with pupal period of 5-30 days Usually 2-3 generations completed in a year. The caudal segment may contain tubercles or papillules, which often are indistinct. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Figure 4. Figure 8. Guava in Spanish can be different from Guava in English. Figure 4. Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. Figure 2. Natural enemies of fruit fly: Parasitoids : Opius compensates, Spalangia philippinensis, and Diachasmimorpha krauss. Larvae of many species of fruit flies are unknown. Wing of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner. The scientific name of Guava is the botanical name or formal name. The genus comprises at least 88 species found in tropical and southern Africa. Unlike cucumber fruit fly there is no central yellow mark down the length of the dorsal surface of the thorax between the wings. Larvae can be collected from infested fruit, killed in boiling water, and placed in 50% alcohol for two days, then to 75% isopropyl alcohol, but specific identification based solely upon larvae is difficult. Thoracic-Lateral view of an adult guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). 50 India, Koyambedu market Fig. It is an evergreen plant that flowers at least one to two times a year. Anderson PJ, Dixon WN. The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for A. striata. Oxon, UK. Adults usually are collected by use of stickyboard and baited traps. The Fruit Flies of the Genus. Figure 2. The species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar fly. Pharyngeal skeleton and mouth hooks of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner, lateral view. Bioecology and management of guava fruit fly Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). The most frequently eaten species, and the one often simply referred to as "the guava", is the apple guava ( Psidium guajava ). Trap density in the area of the original finds was five traps per square mile. Photograph taken in Australia. He indicated that Bactrocera correcta is readily differentiated by having the mesonotum predominantly black through the median portion of the mesonotum, covered with gray pubescence and with three rather indistinct subshining black, narrow vittae, rather than rufous; and usually by having a complete transverse band in the furrow across the lower part of the face, rather than the usual two black facial spots of related species. The oral cavity is composed of a longitudinal cavity which contains two black mouth hooks that move up and down. Single adults were captured in fruit fly detection trap in Apopka (Orange County) on 4 May 2001, in Oviedo, FL, on 30 July 2001, in Orlando (Orange County) on 29 February 2008 (Anderson and Dixon 2008), and in Orange County in late August 2011. Two additional adult males were detected in Orange County on 9 August 1986. The wings are clear with a light brown band along the leading edge and a … Common Name: Guava Fruit Fly ; Scientific Name: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae Figure 3. sexes entirely yellow. However, it has not acquired a well-established common name as have others such as the Mexican, Caribbean, and Mediterranean fruit flies. Caudal view of an adult female guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), showing ovipositor sheath and fully extended ovipositor. The larval head is a compound structure appearing as a single small segment with no definite head capsule. There are about 950 species and 150 genera of fruit fly (Tephritidae) known in Africa, most of which form a natural component of Africa ’s rich and varied biodiversity, in many cases attacking wild fruits and flowers. The Guava fruit is scientifically addressed as Psidium guajava. Scientific name: Eudocima sp. Bezzi M. 1915. It is easily pollinated by insects; in culture, mainly by the common honey bee, Apis mellifera. Terminal (leaf) node. Apple guava ( Psidium guajava) flower. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. Photograph by Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. However, Anastrepha striata is an important pest in the American tropics and subtropics, especially of guavas and other myrtaceous fruits, although it has also been reported to attack mango, mombins, orange and peach. (as Coffea robusta), Eugenia uniflora L. (as Eugenia mitchelli), Mangifera indica L. (mango), Prunus persica (L.) Batsch (peach), Psidium guajava L. (guava), Ricinus communis L. (castor bean, castor-oil-plant, palma christi, wonder tree), Santalum album L. (sandalwood, white sandalwood), Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston (as Eugenia jambos) (roseapple), and Ziziphus spp., including Ziziphus jujuba Mill. It is worthwhile to refer the model to predicting similar insects. Anterior spiracles are small and asymmetrical in shape, anterior margin of each, in Anastrepha striata, bearing 13 to 17 tubules arranged in a transverse row with median indentation as seen in profile. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Guava trees bear more fruits in certain times of the year, a light crop in the spring and a heavier one in the fall. 69 pp. This fly has yellow in color. Wing of an adult guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. 52 Estancia La Carlota Corrientes Fig. 1994. Psidium guajava, the common guava, yellow guava, or lemon guava, is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the Caribbean, Central America and South America. (August 2002). CAB International. Recorded hosts include Citrus spp., Coffea canephora Pierre ex Froehn. Dacus (Strumeta) correctus (Bezzi) Photograph taken in Australia. Jallundur, India. Figure 3. Cubital cell faintly yellow and no cubital streak developed. 1977. A few specimens have been collected in the United States (southern Texas and California), but Anastrepha striata is not currently established there (Norrbum 2001). The model was applied to predicting distribution of guava fruit fly. Graphics by Division of Plant Industry. Fruit flies hold their wings outstretched in a horizontal position when walking. Male terminalia: tergal ratio about 1.19; claspers about 0.44 mm long, flattened, posterior surface with a distinct carina from near base to apex of teeth; lateral margin beyond teeth convex, carinate; extreme apex narrow, abruptly turned posteriorly; teeth about at middle. Berg GH. In: Thesis submitted to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore (Madurai Campus), Mondal C K, Garain P K, Maitra N J, Atit Maji, 2015. Posterior extremity of third instar larva of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner. Guavas are comprised of about 100 species that belong to … Adult female guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). However, its host plants are not specifically listed under paragraphs (a), (b) or (c) of §301.32-2 Regulated articles. Production of guava fruit can be cycled by systematic cultural manipulation, for example, pruning, fertilization, irrigation, and defoliation. Piercer gradually tapered to a short point, about 1.0 mm in length. Figure 10. Female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days. 1973. Strawberry guava and apple guava are invasive species of guava. The full-grown larva can grow to 10 mm in length and approximately 2 mm in diameter. Figure 7. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Organismo Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (OIRSA), San Salvador, Republica de El Salvador. Scientific name examples for guava include Psidium guajava for the apple guava, Psidium guineese for the Brazilian guava, Psidium dumetorum for the Jamaican guava and Psidium cattleianum for the strawberry guava. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Oxon, UK. Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. Closeup of ovipositor tip of an adult female guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). Common Names of Guava in Different Languages It is addressed to with various local names across the globe. Researchers believe that it originates from Central America and Mexico. Most species which attack commercially grown fruit crops belong to just two genera, Ceratitis (95 species) and Dacus (195 species) (White & Goodger, 2009). Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae. This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. Caudal papillules of Anastrepha striata below posterior spiracles usually minute or apparently absent or arranged in a transverse row, in contrast, for example, to those of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), which are arranged in two rows. Posterior spiracles (left) and posterior spiracle with spiracular hairs above (right) of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner. The length of mesonotum is 2.45–3.57 mm. Description of adult: The adult is wasp-like, red-brown with yellow marks, and about 8 mm long. The fruits are round, which range in size from 1-3 cm in diameter. The fruit flies (Tephritidae--Diptera) of Thailand and bordering countries. Photograph by Jeff Lotz, Division of Plant Industry. But there is no good scientific evidence to support any uses of guava. Take the official scientific name for the gene in a fruit fly that makes it hard to develop a heart. Third instar larva of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner, lateral view. However, George Steyskal, in his letter dated 26 August 1986, observed that specimens in the (U.S.) National Museum of Natural History collection, all identified by Hardy, show distinct interruption of the two facial bars. 1953. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. White and Elson-Harris (1994) state that Anastrepha striata is separated from the other species with a complete Anastrepha type wing pattern by the short (under 2.0 mm) aculeus witha non-serrate apex and U-shaped pattern on the scutum. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. However, Anastrepha striatais an important pest in the American tropi… Abdomen rufous above except for black basal marks on terga 2 and 3 and a median black vitta from terga 3 over 5. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. California Department of Food and Agriculture Pest Detection/Emergency Projects personnel responded promptly by deploying Jackson/methyl eugenol and McPhail traps at 50 traps in the epicenter miles. Sterna of both Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), commonly known as guava fruit fly, is regulated through the Plant Protection Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. Mohamed Jalaluddin S, 1996. Bio-friendly management of Guava fruit fly (Bactrocera correcta Bezzi) through wrapping technique. Thorax of the guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striata Schiner, dorsal view. Guava, Psidium guajava L., is the preferred food host. Photograph by Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. Identification of Fruit Fly Larvae Frequently Intercepted at Ports of Entry of the United States. Family Tephritidae, pp. In his original description of Bactrocera correcta (as Chaetodacus correctus, Bezzi (1915)) stated that Bactrocera correcta was very near Dacus zonatus (now Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) - the peach fruitfly), but it is distinguished by the color of the thorax, and chiefly by the facial black spots being united to form a black transverse band; the whitish cross-band on the second abdominal segment is less developed, and the hind tibiae of the male are distinctly tuberculate before the end, similar to that of two closely related species, Bactrocera zonata (previously Dacus zonatus) and Bactrocera tuberculata (Bezzi) (previously Dacus tuberculatus). Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Bactrocera correcta is a brightly colored little fly, predominately black with lateral yellow stripes, approximately 5.4 mm in length. Scientific name - Bactocera correcta Identification - Mainly, this insect damages the guava crop in rainy season. Scientific Name Common Name. Adult is small fly with black spots on the thorax and dark spots on the wings. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. The experimental results show that the model can predict distribution of the fly which is consistent with the practical distribution. Export India Publications. Length, width, and position of these are useful characters in separating species. Guava (scientific name: Psidium guajava) is a small tree or shrub that belongs to the family Myrtaceae. The model is very useful in practice. 1942. This fruit fly has been reared in the laboratory from Surinam cherry Eugenia uniflora; and sapodilla, Manilkara zapota. Figure 1. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. There are around 150 species of guava that can be found in tropical and sub-tropical areas around the world. The guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striataSchiner, is one of the most common species of fruit flies throughout most of its range. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. Unpublished M.S.thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville. Common Name: Peach Fruit Fly; Scientific Name: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae Steck GJ. Biology: Eggs: Eggs are laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritide) systematics of the Indian subcontinent.

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