Believed to be closely related to the jungle fowl, the Sumatra tends to have a personality which is more similar to wild game birds than domestic chickens. And the breeders can expect fertility and broodiness to arrive late in the spring. We recommend you also read: What Everybody Ought to Know About American Rabbit … Sumatra chickens tend to reproduce very seasonally, the males vying for territory and breeding rights a few months of the year and living together in relative harmony outside of breeding season. It is one of the very old breeds, admitted into the American Standard of Perfection. In 1883, the Black Sumatra was accepted into the American Standard of Perfection. Although some breeders want to use them in fights and this is due to the fighting character that is one of the main characteristics of this species. Many people do not know about Sumatra chickens. the fight here requires a rooster who has strong stamina and steel guts. The roosters have lustrous greenish black feathers and a graceful carriage. The Sumatra chicken is distinctive and beautiful, with long flowing curves, abundant feathering, and a rich green sheen. Sumatra Chicken Breeds were originally bred as a fighting chicken, with males having 3 spurs on each leg, but they are not strictly bred for exhibition purposes. 1883 is the year the BBC Sumatra was first inducted into the American Standard of Perfection. In 1847, Sumatra chickens were imported to the United States of America and other European countries for the purpose of entertainment. It was admitted in 1883 to the Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association. The Sumatra Chicken Breed has broad shoulders and a long back that narrows towards the tail. Roosters are usually not aggressive towards others, but they can be aggressive only toward members of their own breed during the breeding season. History and Origin of Sumatra Chickens The breed of chicken originated from Sumatra Island. Butters, from Massachusetts. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. They are also among the best broodies and best protective mothers. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported from the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. Today the breed also comes in Blue and in Dun varieties. In 1847, the fighting chickens of Sumatra were brought into the United States, where they almost immediately became popular in the society of poultry farmers. It has a personality closer to that of a wild game bird than a domestic chicken. Sumatra chickens originated in the Indonesian islands, where many of them still roam wild. fighting roosters are reared with a very special system. It’s but one of those strains. It’s a easily handled breed. The Sumatra chicken was first imported into the United States in 1847. In 1847, Sumatra Chickens were exported from Sumatra to the United States and Europe for cockfighting. Sometimes called “Sumatran Pheasants” or “Javan Pheasant Game Birds,” these chickens are said to Mar 26, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by D. Discover (and save!) We at Purely Poultry are proponents of raising oriental gamefowl for the backyard flock for legal purposes only and want to see these chickens prosper for future generations to enjoy. Historically, the island residents captured the males at the beginning of breeding season and used them to fight, releasing them after the season was over. 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The cocks from the breed are greater fighters and a lot of people loved them especially during the fighting competition. Sumatra chicken lives more in tune with the seasons, breeding and fighting for dominance in the early spring, just like birds in the wild do. the rooster that won was the last one standing. Learn how your comment data is processed. It’s one of those very old strains, admitted to the American Standard of Perfection. The breed is probably the result of cross between feral Kampong chickens and a variety of wild fowl, which is extinct today. Although, today other color varieties also available with different color. The black Sumatra chickens break the look of a typical chicken. Photo from Wikipedia (Blue Sumatra, a rarer color than the standard Black). Sumatra Chicken. Nelson A. Sumatra chickens have a small bright red colored pea comb. And it’s extremely rare today. It’s the possible result of a cross between feral Kampong chickens and a now extinct variety of wild fowl. And like the wild birds that they basically are, they don’t behave like your standard chicken. your username. Sumatra chickens are active and alert and are especially good at launching themselves vertically to escape dangers. They have been known variously as "Sumatran Pheasants" or "Java Pheasant Game Birds," even though they are most definitely chickens! The Sumatra is a breed of chicken native of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. . There was very little human interference when it came to the making of this breed, and they are a rather wild bird. $24.95. Standard Sumatra roosters weight about 2.25 – 2.70 kg, and hens about 1.80 kg. The Sumatra chicken was first imported into the United States in April 1847 by J.A.C. Solok area, West Sumatra. - Carol Ekarius The sport of fighting is now illegal but now many people raise these chickens for exhibition, to preserve genetic treasures, or for their backyard amusement. It is a distinctive fowl which look less like domestic poultry than other chickens. Enlarge. This chicken used to be sold for fighting, but now are mostly sold for exhibition. Butters of Roxbury, Mass., is responsible for bringing the Sumatra to the United States in April 1847 as a fighting breed. Plus tard, les Hollandais, qui sont les éleveurs les plus célèbres au monde, ont créé une réplique miniature de poulets de Sumatra. Historically, the island residents captured the males at the beginning of breeding season and used them to fight, releasing them after the season was over. Although the roosters fight for dominance, but they usually don’t fight to the death. Storey's Illustrated But the hens are good winter layers. They go brooding for long periods just like silkie, shamo, Ancona chickens, Iowa blue … Their striking, distinctive carriage sets them apart: Their tails are held low, and in the male particularly is abundant and sweeping, like the tail of a pheasant. Sumatra chickens tend to reproduce very seasonally, the males vying for territory and breeding rights a few months of the year and living together in relative harmony outside of breeding season. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported from the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. The Sumatra chicken was first promoted as a fighting breed – something for which the breed was not truly well-suited. Review full breed profile of Sumatra chicken below. This black chiken name is Black Sumatra Chicken, come from on of the biggest island in Indonesia, which is Sumatra. Two thousand years ago the Red Jungle Fowl, possibly from China or Indo China, possibly through the silk road, reached the ports of Rome, Egypt and Greece. Sumatra Chicken is a bird that is used mainly as ornamental and so show this species in exhibitions. The breed is considered a primitive one; as they are very active, good foragers and rooster will fight strongly for dominance, though they usually don’t fight to death. And the bantam roosters weight about 0.735 kg and hens about 0.625 kg. Sumatra hens are poor layers with yearly totals of almost 100 white eggs, and are exceptionally susceptible to broodiness. Report. The Sumatra is a rare and ornamental Heritage breed of chicken — originally from the island of Sumatra in southeast Asia. If you love watching chicken fight competition then you should keep the breed and it will forever make you great. the fight could last half or an hour. Article from featherwarriorgamefarm.blogspot.com. There were subsequent importations by other in 1850-52. Black is the only color admitted into the standard but other colors are available. One wonders if some of the rarer color varieties of Sumatra played a role in the creation or development of those other breeds. your password There are a few colors of the Sumatra but on the black variety has been embraced. The Sumatra’s type, size, and flowing plumage is similar to both the Yokohama chicken and the Cubalaya chicken. Butters of Roxybury, MA. Sumatra chicken is a very beautiful breed and has very attractive plumage. Hens go broody readily and are known to be good mothers. Hens are poor layers with yearly totals of eggs amounting to about 100 white creamy eggs a year, and are exceptionally susceptible to broodiness. Guide to Poultry Breeds Pay close attention to how they interact with other breeds. Chicken Breed Information - Sumatra - Sumatras are an exceedingly rare breed of chicken with a personality closer to that of a wild game bird than a domestic chicken: they are thought to be closely related to the jungle fowl of the Far East. For additional details about this chicken breed, contact Cackle Hatchery® today! And it was used for fighting in some areas where cockfighting was not illegal. Many color varieties available. Originally from the Isles of Sumatra, Java, and Borneo in Indonesia, the breed developed through living wild and being shaped by its environment. The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and was admitted as a standard breed in 1883 in the Black variety. Today Sumatras are mostly kept for show and exhibition. The Sumatra Chicken originated on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Historically, the residents of Indonesian Island used to catch Sumatra roosters during the beginning of breeding season, use them in combat and release them once their seasonal aggression declined. The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and the black variety was admitted as a standard breed in 1883. At this time they came under various names Sumatra Pheasant game, Sumatra Ebon Game and Java Pheasant Game. These chickens made their debut into the United States in April of 1847, introduced by J.A.C. Origins of the Game Fowl. your own Pins on Pinterest En 1847, les poulets de combat de Sumatra ont été importés aux États-Unis, où ils sont presque immédiatement devenus populaires dans la société des éleveurs de volaille. Sumatra schwarz, Lipsia-Schau Leipzig 2013, Sumatra chicken. Sumatra Breed Overview The Black Sumatra fowl is a native of Sumatra and as far as is known, they are as pure blooded today as when first introduced into America from Angers Point Sumatra in 1847. Sumatra chicken breed is listed in the Critical category of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy’s Conservation Priority List. 1:20. This chicken is a jungle fowl type bird that originated on the Isle of Sumatra. Playing next. In 1885, Nelson A. Sumatra hens lay an abundant number of white, or lightly tinted, eggs and are considered excellent winter layers. Their wattles are very small and almost non-existent. Browse more videos. The breed came to Germany in 1882 and, there, was at first called Black Yokohama. Both adults and chicks are very hardy and easy to raise. Bot… Sumatra chicken is great fighters and they are great breeds for fighting competitions. Now the Sumatra chicken is mainly kept as an ornamental breed. Sumatra hens are not good egg layers. very brutal. You will find both black Sumatra hens and black Sumatra roosters with iridescent tones along the feather’s ends. Sumatra chicken is very active, alert and one of the best fliers. History: The Sumatra chicken breed originated in the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra, Java and Borneo. They are great jumpers also. The breed appears “royal” in nature, belying its feral heritage. In fact, Sumatra chickens were once known as the "Sumatran Pheasant" and the "Java Pheasant Game." It originally was inported from Sumatra for cockfighting, but is now exclusively an ornamental fowl. The Black Sumatra is a rare and beautiful Asian long tail chicken with rich lustrous beetle green plumage. Sumatra chicken is native breed of the Sumatra Island . The White variety has standard white plumage and the blue variety has standard blue plumage. J.A.C. The breed comes in red black, blue and white varieties, as well as the unstandardised splash - a natural result of breeding blue chickens. The gamefowl are highly recognized by both the American Poultry Association and the American Game Fowl Society. Sumatra Chicken Black has long and flowing tail feathers. In this series of chicken breeds, you will learn more information about the history and origin of Sumatra breed, physical characteristics and … But it does not really suit this breed as the roosters tend to only show aggression around breeding time. The roosters have long sweeping tail, with an abundance of long sweeping sickles and coverts, carried horizontally. It was first admitted into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1883. Sumatras are primarily an ornamental breed kept for their attractive plumage. It is also rumored that Sumatra chickens sometimes flew between the islands of Sumatra and Java. These chickens were originally imported from Sumatra in 1847 to the U.S. and Europe as fighting cocks for the purpose of cockfighting , but today the breed is primarily kept for exhibition. Later, the Dutch, who are the world's most famous breeders, created a miniature replica of chickens from Sumatra. Most often they are a lustrous black with a green sheen throughout the body and tail. They are also among the best of mothers and broodies. Log into your account. But Sumatra chickens were favored for use in crossbreeding to produce fighting offspring  - crossing well with Hyderabad, Rampur Boalia Black, or Sinhalese Game. The seasonal aspect of the Sumatra chicken is still very much a part of the breed today, and one can expect fertility and broodiness to arrive late in the spring. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Chicken Breeds. Traditionally in the Orient they had been used for such, seasonally, when no other game breed was at hand. Welcome! Black, Blue, Splash, White etc. Wood of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington D.C., began with the breed in 1885 and is given much credit for refining the Sumatra chicken to enhance its flowing feathers and for increasing its productivity. They have small earlobes of gypsy color. It is one of the very old breeds, admitted into the American Standard of Perfection. Most of the game chicken breeders today use them for ornaments and exhibitions. You can place your order and we will ship them to you as soon as possible. The breed was first used and promoted as a fighting cock. Both chicks and adults are very hardy. The Sumatra chicken still has “wild” like characteristics and they may not get along with other domesticated chickens. But Black is the only variety recognized by the American Poultry Association. Males often even sport multiple spurs on each leg. They lay some medium sized white eggs. Today, this breed of birds is bred and maintained throughout the world. Chicken. Sumatra chickens have a personality more like a wild game bird than a chicken. Sumatra chicken require large space and they can’t do well in confinement. Originally bred to be a fighting chicken in Southeast Asia, it was admitted into the American Standard of Perfection in the late 1800s. Yet, these chickens are stunning. The breed is noted for behaving very pheasant like – moving in a stately manner and preferring to explore around bushes and other areas offering good cover. Their legs and toes are black and their skin color is yellow. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported in the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. The Sumatra has a personality closer to that … the fight here is without knife spurs. Subscribe ROY'S FARM newsletter for news, updates and receiving notifications of new posts by email. There is another American gamefowl recognized variety that has Spanish and Sumatra chicken breed strains. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported in the Indonesian Islands of Sumatra from 1847 into the United States of America and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. It was admitted to the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection. It is the Black Sumatra that was embraced by the poultry fancy; with its long, flowing, low tail, beetle green sheen, gypsy-colored face (purple to black), black shanks with yellow soles, and its multiple spurs – often having three spurs on each leg. Cocks weigh 2.25–2.70 kilograms, and hens about 1.80 kg. a fighter can be deadly and the fights take a long time. It is an ornamental chicken breed and mainly raised for exhibition purpose. For example; White and Blue. 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