For decades now, Perique has consisted of a blend of tobacco that isn't entirely grown in St. James Parish and is supplemented with similar tobacco from other areas. Perique Liqueur de Tabac is distilled by Ted Breaux at Combier in France. Much as with any other plants grown in the world, the climate and soil conditions play a great part in determining the flavor. At least at the Poche facility, the dried leaves are stripped of the stems, bundled and then placed in the barrel. The leaves are then rolled int… A farmer named Pierre Chenet is credited with first turning this local tobacco into what is now known as Perique in 1824 through the technique of pressure-fermentation. Rare and famous Louisiana tobacco known for its dark, black color and unique flavor when cured. I found a reference to perique on line in a book named “Tobacco Leaf” J.B. Killebrew, AM., PH.D and Herbert Myrick, B.S. Perique is a type of tobacco from Saint James Parish, Louisiana, known for its strong, powerful, and fruity aroma. Mysterioso is available with a genuine Connecticut shade wrapper, genuine aged Louisiana Perique, and Honduran tobacco. Chenet was undoubtedly influenced by the practices of Native Americans, who used hollow logs to ferment tobacco in a similar manner. Perique Tobacco Liqueur Silver Medal Winner / Best in Class - 2007 International Wine & Spirits Competition - London PURCHASE NOW. Perique is an offshoot of Burley that has become unique by being grown in an area of St. James Parish called the “Golden Triangle”. Is it “real” Perique? A highly aromatic pleasure of typical perique character. The spring of 2005 seemed to be the end of St. James Perique for pipe tobacco blends. Pressure fermentation of tobacco was a process already known to the French and Spanish and according to the Economic Botany article, Chenet probably learned it from a Spanish family in the region. There may be some modest differences in soil condition which may affect the taste, but it would be hard for the average pipe smoker to tell the difference. cane. Perique– This is a unique tobacco. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Volatile Constituents of Perique Tobacco", "PADRON HANDMADE CIGARS 1-Connecticut Valley Tobacconist - Northern Generals Battleground Cigars", "Tabacalera finds right blend of tradition, innovation", "Daughters & Ryan begins rollout of five new Tabacalera Incorporada Lines - halfwheel". In late June, when the leaves are a dark, rich green and the plants are 24–30 inches (60–75 cm) tall, the whole plant is harvested in the late evening and hung to dry in a sideless curing barn. Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of nicotine. As the name would suggest, Mac Baren HH Acadian Perique has a strong hit of natural Perique that makes this one of the companies most full-bodied blends. That is the method Ryan continues using today.       I asked Ryan about the plant and he said perique is basically a different strain of burley. Percy, Ray’s father, is remembered for saving perique from near extinction. At one time, the fresh and moist perique was also chewed, but none is now sold for this purpose. That’s when the Roussel family started putting the perique tobacco into barrels and using industrial jacks to apply the pressure. Due to small crops sizes in the parishes other tobaccos were processed and added to make Perique.  That is the process used by Ryan today with the exception that he has paid higher prices for higher quality leaf. At one time, many families just stopped growing perique because they could grow other crops and make more money. Perique tobacco was first created in Louisiana in the early part of the 19th century by farmer Pierre Chenet, whose pressure-fermentation process is credited with imbuing the leaves with a uniquely strong tobacco. Weather fluctuations such as floods and hurricanes have destroyed the entire crops in some years. It is also my understanding that there are also some manufacturers who buy the unprocessed perique leaves and process it themselves. The perique process is also easily duplicated, so it can be done in other locations. Nothing is added to the tobacco. One of the visible differences is that with a burley, the top leaves stand up while on a Perique plant they droop down. Loose tobacco for rolling is sold by the same company in black pouches. As of May 2017, the number of growers planting tobacco commercially in Saint James Parish has risen to 25. Our history in growing tobacco Our earliest ancestors who settled in Virginia about 1630 and later moved to North Carolina in the early 1700’s were believed to … More than 70 species of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum.The more potent variant N. rustica is also used around the world. However, for clarity sake, there is a tobacco leaf product marketed as "Perique" tobacco. Nicotiana tabacum is a sticky, thick-leaved perennial that can reach up to six feet in height. The plants grow to 5' or more and will produce 18-22 leaves per plant. I’ll address the question about faux perique further down. If you change those, then you change the flavor of the tobacco. These tribes had been producing Perique for over a thousand years and it was Pierre Chenet who learnt the process and developed it along more western production techniques. For answers, I did some research on the internet and I reached out to Mark Ryan of Daughters & Ryan Tobacco and current owner of the L.A. Poche Perique facility in St. James Parish, Louisiana to answer some of the questions and to refresh my memory of what I learned during a tour of the facility in October 2015. Pipe Smoker, Fisherman, Journalist, Blogger, http://www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html, http://www.victoryseeds.com/nicotiana_perique.html, The Truth About Stanwell Danish Star Pipes, Tobacco Best By Date Needed: Gawith Limited 2015, The Case of the Confused Peterson…. Perique (pronounced peh-REEK) gets its distinctive flavor from barrel fermentation, a technique Louisiana settlers are thought to have picked up … The answer here is a qualified no. Saint James Perique tobacco leaf is quite rare. One of the visible differences is that with a burley, the top leaves stand up while on a Perique plant they droop down. Perique is a spice tobacco, usually used in Virginia blends. Ryan said the rich, fertile delta soil, the moisture in the water table from the Mississippi River, the climate and the microbes in the soil and air, all goes into making St. James Perique the tobacco that it is. These seedlings are planted in mid-March and grow for three months and once mature, produce leaves more than 18-inches long which are harvested in June. How long has Perique been a blend and not a pure Perique? is added to a mild Virginia. He died in 2012, at 93, and Ray has since taken over the family business. Nicotiana Tabacum (Perique) Tobacco Seeds USD 2.25 – USD 49.99 Select options; Related products. The unique region around the Mississippi river gives Perique the intense taste and aroma that contributes to the delicate balance of this fine drink. The tobacco plants are manually kept suckerless and pruned to exactly 12 leaves through their early growth. Its flavor is a little strong, so it is usually found mostly in blends. In late June, when the leaves are a dark, rich green and the plants are 24–30 inches (60–75 cm) tall, the whole plant is harvested in the late evening and hung to dry in a sideless curing barn. 2 (Apr.-Jun., 1970, pp 123-130) perique is a “pink flowered tobacco classified under miscellaneous type 72.” That publication further goes on to say that perique tobacco probably found its way to Louisiana from the Caribbean because of a resemblance to Dominican Andullo and tobacco grown along the coast of Puerto Rico. In my opinion, it’s more a marketing ploy than a major difference in the flavor profile. A tobacco plant at the Percy Martin family farm. It is a popular Perique-focused blend and you’ll understand why from the moment you pop open the tin. I have smoked pure, unadulterated Perique. To make Perique, the tobacco is pressed and fermented for a year. (Part 2), The Case of the Confused Peterson…. Ryan said he has bought tobacco from Canada, Kentucky and Tennessee. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Nicotiana, Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) 'Perique' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. I read on one pipe smoking forum that: “Historically, Perique was never a hot selling commodity. A good dose of Perique (or should I say Green River Burley?) The manufacturer started buying a Perique grown and processed in Brazil. According to that book, “The variety planted is called the Perique, which has a leaf of medium size, is a rapid grower, small stem, and fiber tough and gummy, curing to a dark brown color.”, If you go to victoryseeds.com, a source for tobacco plant seeds, they describe it as “perique tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety, which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown.”. Some have suggested that its “rubbed with fruit mash or puree. The result is a smoke that you can enjoy during the first half of the bowl, before it turns too sour and strong. Those conditions are not naturally replicated anywhere else in the world. The finished tobacco is dark brown - nearly black - very moist with a fruity, slightly vinegary aroma. [1], The tobacco plants are manually kept suckerless and pruned to exactly 12 leaves through their early growth. Perique is also featured in the Mysterioso line of cigars made by the Connecticut Valley Tobacconist. What about the perique marketed as Paulina, South Vacherie and Grand Point Perique? Hardy to Zone 8, this is the preferred species of the tobacco industry. This is often used as a condiment tobacco and lends a fruity/spice flavor to the blend. I won’t call those lies but I will say all three of those statements are filled with misinformation and misinterpretations of the facts about perique. rique | \pə-ˈrēk) has a humble beginning – the tobacco starts out as seeds so small that one thimbleful will plant nearly one full acre. The owners of L.A. Poche in St. James Parish, Louisiana, didn’t buy any tobacco to process that year, and they planned to sell their existing tobacco inventory and shut down the last surviving perique processing facility. 'Perique' tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown. Louisiana Perique is the rarest and more precious tobacco in the entire world. Martin is one of the legendary Percy Martin clan, a family of farmers who have lived in this part of Louisiana for generations. These tobaccos are then mixed with the perique grown in St. James Parish and processed. The leaves are then rolled into "torquettes" of approximately 1 pound (450 g) and packed into hickory whiskey barrels. Once the leaves have partially dried but are still supple (usually less than 2 weeks in the barn), any remaining dirt is removed and the leaves are moistened with water and stemmed by hand. Many of these are responsible for the flavors of fruits and are often found in wine.[3]. Is Perique made in places other than St. James Parish? And they do it all by hand. Perique tobacco under pressure. [2] The fruity aroma is the result of hundreds of volatile compounds created by anaerobic fermentation of the tobacco. PappyJoe's World © 2020 All Right Reserved. When the Acadians made their way into this region in 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were cultivating a variety of tobacco with a distinctive flavor. Pierre Chenet, is often credited with creating the Perique process by “borrowing” it from local Native Americans. They basic method used today wasn’t introduced until the early part of the 20th century. This tobacco has a high nicotine content we suggest blending it with other tobaccos. The temperature in the curing sheds sometimes exceeds 38 °C (100 °F), and no work is done inside the sheds while the tobacco is being fired. Saint James Perique Pipe Tobacco Leaf Now Only $64.99 / LB Click Here Purchase Online. Ryan also said it’s not just the microbes in the soil, but those in the air and in the walls of the aging room that makes a difference. Planta - Empire Perique Edit this tobacco Favorite Wishlist Subscribed Finest perique is the main player here, supported by dark fired Virginia and a pinch of Oriental tobaccos. There will be differences in the final Perique product due to the cultivar used, length of time in the barrel, seasonal temps etc. Perique /pəˈriːk/ is a type of tobacco from Saint James Parish, Louisiana, known for its strong, powerful, and fruity aroma. (Part 1). (That’s the opinion of the writer, not Mark Ryan.). Perique. After a year of this treatment, the perique is ready for consumption, although it may be kept fresh under pressure for many years. However, for clarity sake, there is a tobacco leaf product marketed as "Perique" tobacco. The liqueur is distilled in the Combier distillery in Saumur, France. Made from Louisiana Perique (the rarest and most precious tobacco in the world), only very small amount of this liqueur exists today. With the help of his five sons – Percy Jr., Leo, Ray, Brian and Teddy – he raises tomatoes, bell peppers, sugar-cane and perique tobacco. 'Perique' tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown. Perique is a rare, slow burning tobacco grown and processed in St. James Parish, Louisiana. Ryan told me the story about how a cigar manufacturer in the Dominican Republic wanted to use perique in some cigars. However, the tobacco that's used to make Perique is essentially a type of Burley, which is similar to One-Sucker Burley that is usually grown in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Canada. Well, to begin with, Perique has never been a “hot selling commodity” because there has never been enough of it. Distiller Ted Breaux has been distilling Perique Liqueur de Tabac, a liqueur from Perique tobacco since 2006. According to “The Perique Tobacco Industry of St. James Parish, Louisiana: A Wold Monopoly.” published by the New York Botanical Garden Journal Economic Botany. Ryan said there are currently 4 or 5 families who grow perique for him in Louisiana and every year there has been crop loss. As noted before, perique is a tobacco which can be grown anywhere else tobacco is grown. It discusses the tobacco and the history of the process. Only good for a quick dose of nicotine. Its sweet-scented, highly ornamental flowers are white to pink and are pollinated by bees and butterflies. Our genuine Saint James perique whole leaf tobacco is grown and cured by a small family farm in rural Saint James Parish that has been producing high quality barrel-cured perique pipe tobacco for generations. Approximately once a month the pressure is released, and each of the torquettes is worked by hand to permit a little air back into the tobacco. In 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were … The legend is they would store the leaves in hollowed out logs and press rocks down on it to compress the leaves and let it age. I have smoked it in a wide variety of blends which container Perique. A farmer named Pierre Chenet is credited with first turning this local tobacco into what is now known as Perique in 1824 through the labor-intensive technique of pressure-fermentation. Once the leaves have partially dried but are still supple (usually less than 2 weeks in the barn), any remaining dirt is removed and the leaves are moistened with water and stemmed by hand. Of course, since you can literally throw a rock from some of the fields into the Mississippi, this is Delta soil, so it’s very rich and also very moist. It will be a perique processed tobacco but it won’t be the same as the perique grown and processed in St. James Parish. It can be smoked straight, but isn't intended to be. The leaf is both stretchy and springy. [5] Following this, Tabacalera released other cigars using Perique tobacco in 2016: the Tabacalera Gran Reserva, the Don Juan Urquijo Perique, and the 1881 Perique Bold, which is the same as the 1881 Perique but finished in a dark Maduro wrapper.[6]. Martin says some scientists believe St. James Parish sits on top of a mineral deposit that gives the tobacco its robust and pungent flavor, but he doesn’t know if … Extended exposure to air degrades the particular character of perique. Its flavor is a little strong, so it is usually found mostly in blends. There was always a big surplus of it so there would be no need to try to adulterate tobacco to make a faux Perique. But, there is also a Perique Tobacco process. He then ordered some St. James Perique and when he compared the two, threw the Brazilian Perique out. But, the question is, “Is that real perique.” The answer, in my opinion, is no. but probably the biggest factor is the sauce that each blender adds to their blend.”. That is also the biggest reason why there has never been a big surplus of Perique. These cigarettes are marketed in a black box (Perique Rich Robust) and in a gray box (Perique Rich.) [1], While traditionally a pipe tobacco (and still available from some specialist tobacconists), perique can also be found in Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company's perique cigarettes under the Natural American Spirit brand in an approximately 1 part to 5 blend with lighter tobaccos. Perique comes from Saint ... Each tobacco plant yields only 18 leaves useful as cigar wrappers, and each leaf requires a great deal of individual manual attention during harvesting. In 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were cultivating a variety of tobacco with a distinctive flavor. Perique Tobacco Seeds 'Perique' has leaves that are medium-sized, glossy in texture, gummy and tough but have fine fiber with small stems. Albizzia Julibrissen (Silk Tree Mimosa) Seeds USD 4.95 – USD 9.95 Select options; Anthemis Nobilis (Roman Chamomile) Seeds USD 2.50 – USD 12.95 Select options; Aloe (Mixed Species) Seeds USD 2.25 – USD 4.25 Select options [4] In 2014, Philippine-based cigar manufacturer Tabacalera Incorporada created the 1881 Perique. Free shipping for many products! The tobacco is kept under pressure using oak blocks and massive screw jacks, forcing nearly all the air out of the still-moist leaves. It has a dark, oily appearance, when cured and a taste of pepper and figs. 24, No. The things that makes St. James Parish Perique so unique is the environment it is grown in. Is Perique a processing technique, a species of tobacco or both? He’s planted 12 acres of his farm with perique tobacco, and those 12 acres contain the bulk of the world’s supply. During the tour of the Poche facility in October 2015, Ryan stated that “pure” Perique hasn’t been available since before the 1950s. Perique is a spice tobacco, usually used in Virginia blends. Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. (William C. Rense Economic Botany Vol. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for 1000 TOBACCO Nicotiana Tabacum 'PERIQUE' seeds at the best online prices at eBay!  Is the tobacco being processed cased, topped or treated with anything other than water? Every so often during the process, the workers will open the barrels and turn the leaves. Often considered the truffle of pipe tobaccos by connoisseurs, perique is used as a component of various blended pipe tobaccos, as many people consider it too strong to be smoked pure. 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Around St. James soil, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were cultivating a variety of tobacco from,... Story about how a cigar manufacturer Tabacalera Incorporada created the 1881 Perique half of still-moist! Crops in some years is n't intended to be the same as the Perique seed and the history the. And will produce 18-22 leaves per plant powerful, and fruity aroma is the result of hundreds of compounds... Taken over the family business apply pressure saving Perique from near extinction,... A Perique grown in burning tobacco grown and processed in St. James Perique for pipe tobacco blends a. Tobacco grown and processed in St. James Parish and processed in St. James and. There would be no need to try to adulterate tobacco to make faux. ( the plant and he said Perique is a specific, unique, variety which can! To exactly 12 leaves through their early growth wine. [ 3 ] tobacco in a wide variety of which... Louisiana tobacco known for its strong, powerful, and fruity aroma is the result of hundreds volatile! Flavor is a rare, slow burning tobacco grown and processed in St. James soil the!