[14], However, there are effects from flooding that cannot be avoided simply by raising houses above flood level. Brief Overview of the Disaster  Flooding normally occurs during the monsoon season from June to September. Two catastrophes alone, 1991 Bangladesh cyclone, 1997 Bangladesh cyclone and Cyclone Sidr in 2007 cost the nation around a quarter of a million of its residents. Nearly all the 147 million people living in Bangladesh at the time (crammed into a space the size of Iowa) were forced to adapt to intense rainfall and water-borne disease exposed conditions. The floods affected different sectors in different ways. Flash floods occur in the easter n and northern Rainfall together with synchronisation of very high flows of the three major rivers of the country in only three days aggravated the flood. Small scale flooding in Bangladesh is required to sustain the agricultural industry, as sediment deposited by floodwaters fertilises fields. An increase of salinity, a lack of food distributors, and the effects of seeing slum dwellers survive on flood water were just the initial blows to a monumental flood season that summer, extending beyond Bangladesh's borders and affecting India, China, Nepal, and Vietnam as well. Bangladesh is located in Southern Asia in between Burma and India, bordering the Bay of Bengal. The 1998 floods in Bangladesh, deemed “the flood of the century,” covered more than two-thirds of the country and caused 2.04 million metric tons of rice crop losses (equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99). These boats are very important; they rescue over a thousand people over the course of multiple years.[13]. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The 1998 flood was the most worst in the memorable history when more than 65% of area inundated and remained under water for 65 days (BWDB, 1998). Flooding in an LEDC - The 1998 Floods in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh flood had had countless detrimental effects on the country but contrastingly, it has also brought together international help with the disaster. Facts about Bangladesh Floods 9: the flood in 2004. Not only are the harvests affected, the grain yield is also predicted to decrease anywhere from 3 to 15 percent. [clarification needed] By comparison, only about 187 trillion l (1.87×1011 m3; 6.6×1012 cu ft) of streamflow is generated by rainfall inside the country during the same period. Top Answer. Between July-September 1998, Bangladesh suffered one of its worse ever floods. Large areas (70%) of bangladesh is 5m or less above sea level. With a population of over 41.7 million people, Bangladesh is a populous country, well known for experiencing annual floods that have impacted on the country in various ways. normal bank floods from the major rivers, 100,000 square kilometres (39,000 sq mi) (66%) of the country was overwhelmed, 16,000 kilometres (9,900 mi) of roads flooded, 4,500 kilometres (2,800 mi) of river embankments destroyed, 32 percent of the total population affected. Salt deposited on fields from high rates of evaporation is removed during floods, preventing the land from becoming infertile. Salt deposited on fields from high rates of evaporation is removed during floods, preventing the land from becoming infertile. Throughout Bangladesh there was a widespread mobilisation of volunteer assistance during the 1998 floods. Facts about Bangladesh Floods 10: the flood in 2005 BANGLADESH: FLOODS 16 October 1998 appeal no. The flood damaged homes, possessions and had a huge disruption to communications. 2010-12-09 17:52:50 2010-12-09 17:52:50. In 1998,"the flood of the century" covered more than two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing crop losses of 2.04 million tons of rice, an amount equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99. More recent floods include 2004 and 2010. This flood threatened the health and lives of millions through food shortages caused by crop failure, loss of purchasing power, and the spread of water-borne disease. The water is required to grow rice, so natural flooding replaces artificial irrigation, which is time consuming and costly to build. [8], From March to September in a typical year, the citizens of Bangladesh are the most susceptible to major flooding, as a mixture of the monsoon seasons and the rising of major rivers and their tributaries reach their peak as the snow starts to melt and the rain starts to pour.[3]. [12], Yearly flooding during monsoon season and other forms of inclement weather have forced the people of Bangladesh to adjust their lifestyle in order to prepare for the worst. The floods have caused devastation in Bangladesh throughout history, especially in 1951, 1987, 1988 and 1998. We find long-term declines in wages where nonagricultural labor markets are more severely affected. 2014. The April flood continued until the last week of August and caused substantial damage to housing, property, and infrastructure. Asked by Wiki User. Floods are an annual event in Bangladesh. Report. This has proven to be very effective at avoiding the immediate effects of flooding. The 2007 South Asian floods also affected a large portion of Bangladesh. Cities and Flooding: A Guide to Integrated Urban Flood Risk Management for the 21st Century. The economic development of the rural sphere is largely intertwined, as every year the populace loses property and livelihood. Bangladesh Floods, 1998. Bangladesh floods on a regular basis, RECENT notable and catastrophic floods have occurred in 1988 (return period of 1 in every 50 to 100 years), 1998, 2004, 2007 and 2010. Main Source http://www.emdat.be/Database/terms.html Web. Monday, August 24, 1998 Published at 07:37 GMT 08:37 UK World: South Asia Bangladesh floods rise again This year's flooding may be one of the worst on record. A combination of heavy rainfall within and outside the country and synchronisation of peak flows of the major rivers contributed to the flood. Web. Details of the 2017 flood(s) in Bangladesh, Coverage of inundation and deaths in major floods, 1954-1998, Table of flood damage in Bangladesh (1953-1998), Journal of the Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology, the rivers flow from India into Bangladesh also sometimes the Himalayas. Manufacturing and private investment showed a significant downturn, including the dominant garment industry, although it is difficult to disentangle the effects of the floods from more general patterns of disinvestment, partly caused by political uncertainty in Bangladesh. As recently as 2017, floods left an estimated one-third of the country under water. Those of 1951, 1987, 1988 and 1998 were of catastrophic consequence. This volume is 95% of the total annual inflow. Now the most worrisome news is that higher magnitude floods have ravaged the country for six consecutive six years, starting in 2015, submerging more than 22% of the country’s total land. More than two thirds areas of the nation were under water.
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