The US should not permit the PLA Air Force or the PLA Navy to establish bases that could interfere with American freedom of navigation, both for commerce and for military convoys re-supplying NATO allies in the event of a military crisis. Of concern to US security interests is China's seaport expansion project at Kingston, Jamaica, as well as at Freeport, Bahamas, China's possible new base of operations 90 miles off the US coast. A true CBI2 would go beyond ad hoc trade preferences and investments and introduce a comprehensive, actionable plan for meaningful economic reform in the region. The Hill 1625 K Street, NW Suite 900 Washington DC 20006 | 202-628-8500 tel | 202-628-8503 fax. Chinese shipments of military and police equipment to several Caribbean states could be developing into beachheads for future People’s Liberation Army (PLA) “advisory groups” in the Western Hemisphere. Since then, he has written … The US can ill afford any Chinese drive to place under threat any Western Hemisphere country, much less the United States. China has already delivered 30,000 virus test kits to Jamaica and at least 100,000 protective masks to Cuba as well as about 100 ventilators to the Dominican Republic. At its closest, the region sits 50 miles from the U.S. mainland. China’s dominant role as a world leader in the production of pharmaceuticals and medical devices is, as presumably intended, enabling the Chinese to garner considerable good will in the region. He also served on active duty with the U.S. Army and as a Colonel in the Air Force Reserve. It is not an exaggeration to say China is the greatest long-term threat to the U.S. way of life, but China also poses the greatest challenge to the Defense Department, DOD’s policy chief John C. Rood said. In August, a Chinese company, Complant, bought the last three government sugar estates in Jamaica and leased cane fields, for a total investment of $166 million. Chinese military activities fall into five categories: humanitarian, peacekeeping, military exchanges, arms sales and donations, and technology transfers. page: 1. The Inter-American Development Bank and the Caribbean Development Bank, which have worked with one another in the past, are obvious partners for action in the region. The property will include Japanese and US military bases and nuclear reactors. Journal of Contemporary China, pp.1–17. Another Chinese construction project that deserves scrutiny for its implication for US national security is China’s modernization of Guyana’s Cheddi Jaganinternational airport. Cabestan, J.-P.P (2019) China’s Military Base in Djibouti: A Microcosm of China’s Growing Competition with the United States and New Bipolarity. In addition to creating jobs and mitigating the near-term effects of COVID-19, investment in these sectors would create a solid social foundation for future prosperity in the region. Background. Chinese pilots training at former Canadian military base in Alberta A troop of Chinese nationals are training to become pilots at a decommissioned Canadian military base near Red Deer, Alberta. Were China to establish a beachhead in the Caribbean, the US could be faced with a dark replay of the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. An agreement seen by U.S. officials would allow China 30-year use of the base, it was reported in the media. 92,645 Views. China could insist that the US reduce, or entirely withdraw, its considerable military force structure in the Western Pacific Ocean, in exchange for a draw-down of PLA assets in the Caribbean — or any other bargain it dreamed up. Jack Davis is a freelance writer who joined The Western Journal in July 2015 and chronicled the campaign that saw President Donald Trump elected. For starters, it would channel public and private U.S. resources to improving social safety nets, public health capacity, digital connectivity, and education. The original Caribbean Basin Initiative was a collection of free trade programs and preferences for Caribbean and Central American countries, launched in 1983. The CBI came a few months before Ronald Reagan’s decision to send 6,000 American troops to Grenada, which had been taken over by a Marxist coup. … Those include training Chinese commanders at the Canadian Forces College in Toronto, as well as other military facilities in Kingston. The Caribbean Basin is also important to our broader geopolitical interests. Reducing red tape, digitizing government processes, and improving transparency would make it easier to start and run the future-oriented, service-sector businesses the region will need going forward. Additionally, China has been investing considerable revenue in the economies of the hemisphere’s anti-American Caribbean socialist states of Cuba and Venezuela. The Caribbean Basin is very important to U.S. interests. Moreover, selected military officers from virtually every Caribbean country continue to receive training at Chinese military academies. The CCP leadership has also been launching a diplomatic effort in the Caribbean with the goal of delegitimizing the state of Taiwan, while encouraging regional countries to open relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC). As China puts down stakes on our “third border,” we have two options: We can either ignore the problem, or we can genuinely partner with countries in the region to put forward a more compelling offer than China’s. Trinidad and Tobago has the third-highest per capita GDP in the entire Western Hemisphere, bolstered by investment in its petrochemicals, natural gas, and tourism sectors. PLA military aid continues to arrive in Jamaica. China’s Communist Party (CCP) seems to be implementing a multidimensional strategy in the Caribbean, reaping economic, political and potentially military gains a few miles offshore the United States. With or without U.S. help, public debt will rise dramatically, increasing the need for better, more transparent debt management and fiscal planning. The U.S. has seven key military bases across the region; eight of the Caribbean Basin’s 30 countries formally recognize Taiwan, the highest share of any region in the world. By opening up U.S. markets to Caribbean and Central American producers, the CBI offered the region the U.S. asset that ultimately won the Cold War: participation in a market-based economic system that spurred local development and prosperity. China’s state-supported construction enterprises are building hotel resorts in the Bahamas, Guyana and Barbados. These institutes propagate the same ideological pro-Chinese Communist Party, anti-Taiwan line. History. In March 2019, President TrumpDonald TrumpSchoen says Trump team will be 'very well prepared' after criticism Iowa Republicans seek to cut funding for schools with 1619 Project in curriculum Capitol rioter seen smoking in Rotunda arrested MORE convened the Bahamas, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Saint Lucia in the U.S., and in October, a U.S. delegation toured Suriname, Guyana, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic to encourage U.S. private sector investment. The Chinese regime is effectively employing “soft power” by way of propagating anti-US diplomacy through China’s regional ambassadors and Confucius Institutes. To the south of the city are several other foreign military bases, including Camp Lemonnier (United States Navy), Base aerienne 188 (French Air Force), and the Japan Self-Defense Force Base Djibouti. Responding to COVID-19 has required extensive deficit spending across Caribbean states, and climate-related economic damage is projected to reach 10 percent of the region’s GDP by 2050, further straining already struggling fiscal policy. However, while we have been distracted by other things, China has been making significant inroads into the Caribbean, where it is eager to displace American economic and military influence. With the Caribbean’s key travel, tourism, and hospitality sectors particularly weak due to COVID-19, being responsive to the region’s needs is more urgent than ever. However, disagreements over the terms of the original contract signed in 2011 are a source of tension between the Chinese contractor and the usually pro-Chinese Guyanese government. Without a doubt, The Bahamas must prudently manage the complexities … China has also agreed to assist the Government of Jamaica in constructing the Tower Hill Infant School in Kingston and Morant Estate Infant School in St Thomas. The contents of this site are ©2021 Capitol Hill Publishing Corp., a subsidiary of News Communications, Inc. Particularly active in this regard is Liu Quan, the China’s Ambassador to Suriname. We are the leading investor in the region, and $35.3 billion of trade flows between us each year. From 2002 to 2018, trade between the two rose eightfold, and the Chinese currently have nearly $70 billion dollars’ worth of development financing deployed throughout the region. China’s military agenda in the Caribbean region includes the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force, which has donated Chinese Y-12 transport aircraft to Guyana. In Sri Lanka, for instance, the country’s inability to pay back its Chinese creditors for Beijing’s modernization of the port of Hambantota has resulted in the South Asian country’s effective lossof the port. This is a highly strategic location close to a deep water channel used by US military for deep water exercises. China is clearly not a government that honors its agreements. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being … George Thomas. The establishment of military bases abroad enables a country to project power, e.g. In 2018, the Dominican Republic revoked its diplomatic ties to Taiwan,presumably to take advantage of the economic opportunities that relations with China might bring. The success of the original CBI led to multiple follow-up acts, including a promising Caribbean 2020 strategy from the State Department launched in 2017. With an average annual GDP growth of 4 percent per year, development in the Caribbean has significantly outpaced the rest of Latin America since 2002. It is important to remember that China also promised Hong Kong autonomy until 2047, then, in 2020, jumped the gun by 27 years. From 1980 to 1992, El Salvador was locked in a violent civil war between the U.S.-supported government and a collection of Marxist-Leninist guerrillas known as the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), supported by Cuba and Nicaragua. DOD photo, Copyright © 2021 Soldier of Fortune Magazine. Whatever form it takes, the U.S. must offer the Caribbean a development initiative and diplomatic presence that recognizes the region’s enormous potential. Throughout the COVID-19 virus epidemic, China has also donated medical supplies to around 15 Caribbean states. Other countries in the region were just as contested. Of more concern to US security interests is the ongoing seaport expansion project in the already commercially important port at Kingston, Jamaica, as well as the port at Freeport, Bahamas, China’s possible new base of operations 90 miles off the US coast. Chinese investors are plowing millions of dollars into tourist-oriented construction projects. Granted, there is long way to go in a number of these countries, but if one takes a 40-year perspective, there has been considerable progress. No part of the Gatestone website or any of its contents may be reproduced, copied or modified, without the prior written consent of Gatestone Institute. China’s navy, formally known as the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), has become more active in the Indian Ocean and Middle East. join. “Recently through its agreed on obligations, China donated 1.2 million dollars to The Bahamas to purchase military equipment so as to improve jointly the capacity to respond to non-traditional security threats. The growing Soviet influence in the region required a constructive and significant response. All rights reserved. Third, a CBI2 would address fiscal management issues. Impeachment: Guilty Until Proven Innocent, Round II, The Middle East: It’s all about oil, resources: Russia, China, Iran are getting in the way, How Burmese generals have been experiencing a steady loss of the control, US-Stepping Up Campaign Against IS in Eastern Syria: Afghanistan, Hicks Takes Reins as Deputy Secretary of Defense. Second, a comprehensive CBI2 would support deep institutional and governance reform. China’s propaganda arm has established approximately 10 of its 45 pro-Communist Confucius Institutes in the region, in Antigua and Barbuda, Suriname, the Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. share: windlass34. These institutes propagate the same ideological pro-Chinese Communist Party, anti-Taiwan line. China’s establishment of a Caribbean Belt and Road Sector is an opportunity for CCP intelligence operatives to suborn the sovereignty of Caribbean countries by luring these societies into “debt trap” economic dependency on China. Share this article   Tweet   Hicks Takes Reins as Deputy Secretary of Defense Kathleen Hicks, then deputy …, China: The People’s Liberation Army Navy’s Luyang II-class destroyer Xian moves through the water. 1) Humanitarian . With the aid of the CBI and its successive expansions as well as rapid growth in the service and tourism sectors, Caribbean countries have made impressive economic strides. At the time, the Soviet Union was making significant inroads into Central America and the Caribbean. Once the site of US Air Force military operations during World War II, with its runway of over 10,000 feet, it is capable of hosting Chinese military jet aircraft. posted on Jan, 7 2021 @ 09:26 AM link . Other Chinese-sponsored port projects are underway at Cuba’s ports of Santiago and Mariel, as well as Guyana’s port of Berbice. Chinese-produced motorcycles have been exported to West Indian police forces in Trinidad and Tobago, and police cars to Guyana. 07-16-2020. Additionally, the Confucius Institute in Suriname, home to one of the largest number of overseas Chinese of any country in the region, may also be attempting to recruit agents. If the U.S. doesn’t put a compelling offer on the table, then China will continue to fill the gap. However, so far this mix of initiatives has failed to generate the consistent attention and resources necessary to bring widespread prosperity and stability to the Caribbean. The mission was to provide medical services to local people and military and … China realizes this. The latter was itself home to the Sandinistas, who ran their own Cuban and Soviet-backed socialist government from 1979 to 1990. Nevertheless, in totality, the Caribbean Basin has made significant progress. China’s paramilitary forces and fishing vessels use the island bases as hubs from which to harass and even sink commercial ships from ASEAN countries. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad.Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and intelligence support. Comments Off on Chinese Military Bases in The Caribbean? Is China building a new military base in Bahamas? Chinese Defense Minister Wei Fenghe already is on record expressing China’s willingness to deepen military cooperation with Caribbean countries. on Chinese Military Bases in The Caribbean? China’s Caribbean offensive so far includes a “medical diplomacy” initiative that is providing Latin America, but especially the region’s island states, with face masks, personal protective gowns and gloves, ventilators, ambulances, and pharmaceuticals. On the flip side, as Chinese debt, infrastructure, and mobile networks in the region accumulate, China could eventually develop a strategic outpost in our backyard. Social indicators have also improved — since the early 1980s, literacy rates in Caribbean small states have risen by approximately 10 percentage points, and infant mortality has fallen 50 percent. The Yulin base, on the southern end of Hainan Island almost 300 miles (470 kilometers) southwest of Hong Kong, is one of China's key facilities to protect its naval assets. China also has built hospitals in Dominica, St. Kitts, Barbados and Trinidad, as well as a children’s hospital in Jamaica. 6172125100001. Seeing these changes through would require deliberate diplomatic engagement on the part of the new administration. The Chinese have been carrying out secret military activities and making a grab for land that Australia must wise up to. 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