Kim Whanki (1913 - 1974) Untitled 1963 Gouache on Paper H 12.75" x W 9.375 Signed and Dated Lower Left Sold. A late Lee Jung-seop work – Fighting Bulls, – is coming up at Christie’s NY (14 Sept ). Dec 4, 2016 - View Sounds of Spring by Kim Whan-Ki on artnet. Born 1913, in the South Jeolla province of South Korea, Kim Whanki moved to Japan at the age of 19, and enrolled in the Fine Arts programme at Nihon University, Tokyo. Browse Widewalls and discover more auction records by Kim Whanki, with prices and details of each lot! 46 Pins • 13 followers. New York, USA, Poindexter Gallery, Whanki, 25th September – 21st October 1971. 6 1/8 x 9¼in. In thanks, Kim Whan-Ki gifted Dr. Kim his 1959 painting, Island Under the Moonlight. "It is thanks to Picasso that many artists can now paint difficult work without fear or apprehension," Kim Whan-Ki said (Kim W., quoted in Matthew Kim's Memoir: Modern and Contemporary Korean Artists I Have Loved, Kyonggi-do, 2016, p. 151). View Lune, montagne et cerf By Kim Whanki; Gouache on paper; 49.5 x 32.5 cm; Signed; . Kim entered the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1933. In the second half of his time in New York, Kim spent much time on collages, papier-mâché works, and oil-on-newspaper paintings. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by Kim Whan-Ki. Featuring a rare whorl pattern with complete circles, the mysterious and meditative ambiance created by the pulsating dots presents tranquillity and a limitless space, portraying the depth and energy of the universe. December 2020. A prominent figure in the first generation of Korean Abstract artists, Kim Whanki's works combine traditional Korean concepts and ideals with abstraction. When one turns to contemporary Korean art, one cannot deny the depth and breadth of the influence Kim Whanki had on the art movement. Access more artwork lots and estimated & realized auction prices on MutualArt. Kim Whanki. Dr. Kim and Kim Whan-Ki soon became close friends. While wholly immersed in preparing for his seminal 1971 exhibition at the Poindexter Gallery in New York, he wrote: "I spent all day making two stretchers…" About two weeks later he wrote: "Completion of canvas. (22 1/4 x 16 1/2 in.) View Kim Whan-Ki’s artworks on artnet. Kim Whan-Ki was always a welcome guest and, with his gregarious laughter and mischievous sense of humor, he was often the center of attention. Kim Whanki (1913 - 1974) Untitled 1963 Gouache on Paper H 12.75" x W 9.375 Signed and Dated Lower Left Sold. View 2-II-73 (1973) By Kim Whanki; oil on paper; 62×50.5cm; Signed; Edition. Celebrated in exhibitions throughout the world, Kim's unique blend of Eastern and Western sensibilities has had timeless appeal since he started breaking new ground in the 1930s. Born 1913, in the South Jeolla province of South Korea, Kim Whanki moved to Japan at the age of 19, and enrolled in the Fine Arts programme at Nihon University, Tokyo. Featured works Featured works Thumbnails Kim Whanki (1913 - 1974) Untitled 1964 Gouache on Paper H 10.75" x W 9.375 Signed and Dated Lower Left Sold. Kim Whanki, 金焕基 also Kim Whan-ki or Kim Hwan-gi (1913–1974, hangul: 김환기), was a pioneering abstract artist of Korea. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by Kim Whan-Ki. It is also a notable canvas in that it is a rare example from within the artist's body of work of an abstract painting featuring a circular whorl pattern. Kim Whanki (1913-1974) Dr. Kim left for America in 1953. The Kims' home in New York became a gathering place for many members of the Korean art community, as the couple hosted regular dinners for their friends and family. Kim Whanki (koreanisch 김환기; * 27. As one of the great pioneers of abstract painting in Korean modern art history, this canvas is the culmination of a lifetime spent synthesizing aesthetics and philosophy to articulate the essence of nature through art. Kim synthesized the coloration of his early mentors in Paris and the formalism of the New York School in paintings that have luminosity and rhythm of their own. Whanki Foudation (ed. cat., Whanki Foundation, New York, USA, 1975 (illustrated, front cover, p. 7). View artworks for sale by Whanki, Kim Kim Whanki (558, Korean). The artists also attempted to break away from the heritage of Japanese imperialism and Western abstraction. (30.5 x 21.5cm.) (30.5 x 21.5cm.) From Insa Gallery, Kim Whanki, Pencil on paper, 27 × 21 cm. Barnett Newman's oversized monochrome paintings were another important inspiration to the Korean artist's later work. The only diptych that the artist painted, the two canvases suggest duality - sun and moon, light and shadow, man and woman, yin and yang - embodying the contradictory yet complimentary forces that drive the world and make up the core energies of the universe. Even though the two Kims were on different continents, their friendship grew stronger. Dansaekhwa is an art movement born in South Korea in the 1970s. Access more artwork lots and estimated & realized auction prices on MutualArt. Universe, epitomizes the peak of both spiritual and technical maturity in Kim's 'Pointillist' works. Explore. View 10-II-73 (1973) By Kim Whanki; Oil on korean paper; 22.6x18.3 in; Signed; . In the second half of his time in New York, Kim spent much time on collages, papier-mâché works, and oil-on-newspaper paintings. He belongs to the first generation of Korean abstract artists, mixing oriental concepts and ideals with abstraction. Oct 1, 2018 - Whanki Kim was a Korean painter best known for his softly colored abstractions. Whanki Kim was a Korean painter best known for his softly colored abstractions. (15.7 x 23.5cm.) From GALLERY SU:, Kim Whanki, Untitled (1969), Oil on paper, 57 × 46.5 cm (15.7 x 23.5cm. He was a lecturer at Seoul University from 1946 to 1948 and a professor at Hong Ik University from 1953 to 1955 and 1959 to 1962. The show primarily consisted of works on paper, but it also included a dozen canvases dated circa 1968. From humble biographical works to weighty retrospectives, Kim’s presence is never far from any discussion concerning the art of Korea—but also its culture, its traditions and its philosophies: indeed, his is more than just a household name. Access more artwork lots and estimated & realized auction prices on MutualArt. Estimate: a cool million. Illustrated with works offered at Christie’s Kim Whanki (1913-1974) is hailed as one of the pioneers of abstract painting in Korea. Nov 27, 2017 - Find artworks by Kim Whanki (Korean, 1913 - 1974) on MutualArt and find more works from galleries, museums and auction houses worldwide. In the second half of his time in New York, Kim spent much time on collages, papier-mâché works, and oil-on-newspaper paintings. Where Newman had variegated his paintings with one or more vertical lines—or 'zips,' as he called them—Kim Whan- Ki filled his large canvases with dots, which signified stars. My Favorite Color Abstract Art Fine Art Artwork Painting Ethnic Objects Korean Artists. Browse upcoming auctions and create alerts for artworks you are interested in. View artworks for sale by Whanki, Kim Kim Whanki (558, Korean). The two Kims and their wives began to see more and more of each other, and as Matthew Kim's medical practice took off, he was able to acquire more of Kim Whan-Ki's paintings for his growing collection. Filter by auction house, media and more. Kim Whan-Ki's monumental canvas 05-IV-71 #200 (Universe) is widely regarded to be one of the most important paintings in the artist's oeuvre. According to fellow artist Byung Ki Kim, the two painters had visited a gallery where they saw Barnett Newman's large monochrome paintings. Installation view of Korean Abstract Art – Kim Whanki and Dansaekhwa with works by Chung Chang-Sup, Chung Sang-Hwa, Ha Chong-Hyun, Kim Whanki, Kwon Young-Woo, Lee Ufan and Park Seo-Bo at Powerlong Museum, Shanghai, 2018-2019, photo: Powerlong Museum & Kukje Gallery Jul 10, 2019 - Find the latest shows, biography, and artworks for sale by Kim Whanki. Kim permanently left Korea in 1963 and, after participating in the São Paulo Biennale, settled in New York. From Seoul Auction, Kim Whanki, 8-IIII-71 (1971), Gouache on paper, 56.5 × 42.5 cm Signed and dated Whanki 1969 Kim, whose eminence extends even to the contemporary Asian art movement as a whole, worked tirelessly throughout his artistic life, leaving behind a huge variety of works that span various media, including oils, paper, collages, ceramics and woodworks. It was in 1965 that Kim's signature technique of using mosaiclike dots in his work began to appear for the first time. Kim began his artistic investigations with varied traditional motifs and natural landscapes. Already making a name for himself in the Korean art world, the pioneering abstract artist was developing a body of work that combined Asian concepts with Western Abstraction. Whanki Kim was a Korean painter best known for his softly colored abstractions. Born February 27, 1913, in the village of Eupdong-ri on the island of Anjwado, Sinan County, South Jeolla Province, Kim died in New York City, USA, on July 25, 1974. Peony, Old Tree and Jar, 1950's Access more artwork lots and estimated & realized auction prices on MutualArt. The Kims counted the video artist Nam June Paik, the painters Byung Ki Kim and Tschang Yeul Kim, and the sculptor Yongjin Han amongst their many friends. When one turns to contemporary Korean art, one cannot deny the depth and breadth of the influence Kim Whanki had on the art movement. Like many other modern Korean artists, Kim first encountered Western abstract art in Japan. Art. Description: Kim Whanki (1913-1974) Mountain and Moon Signed and dated Whanki 1964 Gouache on paper, framed and glazed 12 x 18½in. (30.5 x 21.5cm.) Although the Korean painter Kim Whanki (1913-1974) spent significant portions of his career in Paris as well as in Seoul, this recent exhibition, entitled "Oeuvres inedites 1963-1973," corresponded to a period when he lived and worked in New York. Gradually Kim was drawn to abstraction culminating in his experiments in New York in the '60s and early '70s. Nov 6, 2018 - Born in Sinan-gun, Jeollanam-do, KIM Whanki was one of Korea’s first-generation abstract painters and was a leading figure in opening a new era in the realm of abstract painting for modern Korean art. With the popularity of Korean abstract art pioneer Kim Whanki (1913-74) increasing in the international auction market, an exhibition of 22 works created during Kim’s so-called New York period (1964-1974) is underway at Gallery Hyundai in central Seo Seoul, Korea, Whanki Museum, The Centennial Celebration of Kim Whanki’s Birth II: Kim Whanki, Chant for Eternity, 28th September – 31st December 2013. Kim Whanki (1913-1974) ... Kim’s works evolved towards greater simplicity and refinement. 05-IV-71 #200 (Universe) (30.5 x 21.5cm.) Saved by Dominique. Dansaekhwa is deeply involved with the physicality of painting. This lot is offered by Christie’s Inc. Travel Destinations. The majority of his work is currently held by the Whanki Museum in Seoul, Korea. “There's beauty in my art, and this beauty comes from having lived in the Korean countryside,” he once explained. While living in Paris from 1956 to 1959 he had two exhibitions in France: at M. Benezit Gallery in Paris and Muratore Gallery in Nice. Description: Kim Whanki (1913-1974) Mountain and Moon Signed and dated Whanki 1964 Gouache on paper, framed and glazed 12 x 18½in. In this work, it becomes a sky, a sea, and the infinite universe, resonating Kim Whan-Ki's rich emotion, painstaking passion, and memories of his homeland. A late Lee Jung-seop work – Fighting Bulls, – is coming up at Christie’s NY (14 Sept ). Kim merged traditional Korean subject matter with a Western style influenced by Fernand Léger and Mark Rothko. Whanki Kim Giclee Print On Paper-Famous Paintings Fine Art Poster-Reproduction Wall Decor(Kim Whanki #) #XZZ: Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen As a young man, Dr. Kim frequented the coffee houses of the Kwangbok-dong district of Busan, a place in southern Korea that was frequented by many artists displaced by the Korean War, including the novelist Kim Malbong, whose daughter Chae Kum would later become Dr. Kim's wife. Learn about the artist and find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Kim Whanki. It is the only work that Kim Whan-Ki directly references in his diaries. See more ideas about Kim, Art, Painting. Explore. As Yves Michaud points out in his … These were years of anger and suffering, although Kim did complete some paintings. In den westlichen Ländern wurden unterschiedliche Transliterationen seines Namens verwendet. Dr. Kim first encountered the arts during his formative years in middle school in his hometown in what is now North Korea. He had his first one-person exhibition at the Amagi Gallery, Tokyo in 1937. Neben der in diesem Artikel … Learn about the artist and find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks, the latest news, and sold auction prices. View 2-II-73 (1973) By Kim Whanki; oil on paper; 62×50.5cm; Signed; Edition. And double that for a gorgeous Kim Whanki Landscape in Blue. Find artworks by Kim Whanki (Korean, 1913 - 1974) on MutualArt and find more works from galleries, museums and auction houses worldwide. Kim's conscious decision to explore the opulence of the colour blue is perhaps due to the immense significance the colour holds in Korean culture. In addition to Universe, the Kims acquired several other paintings by Kim Whan-Ki, including Mountains and Moon, Morning Star, and 20-V-69 #94, all of which the couple later donated to the Whan-Ki Museum in Seoul to benefit the institution's support of the artist's work. It was an exhibition of work by Adolf Gottlieb, who represented the U.S. pavilion at the Venice Biennale, that drew Kim to Manhattan. Filling the dual canvases that make up 05-IV-71 #200 (Universe), blue is a colour most intimately linked with earth and virtue, emanating hope, life, integrity and spirit. Kim's philosophy that art should be drawn from nature and aim to return to nature became more and more mature, and the abstract patterns he painted during this time suggested landscapes, ripples and natural forms. Browse upcoming auctions and create alerts for artworks you are interested in. AN ENDURING FRIENDSHIP: THE LEGACY OF DR. MATTHEW KIM AND KIM WHAN-KI Seoul, Korea, Whanki Museum, Works on Paper: The Centennial Celebration of Kim Whanki’s Birth, 27th February – 23rd June 2013. The show primarily consisted of works on paper, but it also included a dozen canvases dated circa 1968. Upon his 1953 return to Seoul Kim developed paintings of jars and taught at the College of Fine Arts and Hongik University. each panel: 254 x 127 cm. Untitled Kim merged traditional Korean subject matter with a Western style influenced by Fernand Léger and Mark Rothko. During the Korean War (1951-53) Kim fled Seoul and lived in a refugee camp. As described in his poetic notation, "round sky, round jar/blue sky, white jar they are surely one pair," (Kim W., quoted in Yun Nanjie's essay "Modern Literary Painter Who Sang about Nature", Kim Whanki, Gyeonggi-do, 2012, p. 40) nature and tradition were equivalent to him in their potential to spark inspiration. This painting represents the culmination of Kim's tenacity and devotion towards his art, which led him on an extremely difficult journey through Tokyo, Paris, and New York. Whanki Kim was a Korean painter best known for his softly colored abstractions. Juli 1974 in New York City) war ein südkoreanischer Maler der abstrakten Kunstrichtung. Kim merged traditional Korean subject matter with a Western style influenced by Fernand Léger and Mark Rothko. overall: 254 x 254 cm. Biography edited partially from wikipedia One of his closest and most enduring friendships would begin as a chance meeting in the street when he, Kim Malbong, and his then fiancée Chae Kum ran into the painter, Kim Whan-Ki. “There's beauty in my art, and this beauty comes from having lived in the Korean countryside,” he once explained. Kim merged traditional Korean subject matter with a Western style influenced by Fernand Léger and Mark Rothko. Embellishment Drawing .. Whanki Kim Heaven and Earth. Painted in 1971, Acquired directly from the artist by the present owners'family. In New York he had one-person exhibitions at the Asia House Gallery in 1964, the Tasca Gallery in 1966 and Poindexter Gallery in 1971 and 1973. Kim Whanki (1913-1974) ... Kim’s works evolved towards greater simplicity and refinement. It was during this time that Kim began to utilize dots in his works, sometimes even covering whole canvases with just dots, such as in Where and in What Form Are We to Meet Again? This book, Whanki: Une lumineuse traversée (Whanki: A Brilliant Passage) , published by the Fondation Whanki, Paris, in 1981, is an excellent resource on the work of Korean-born artist Kim Whanki… Kim combined Eastern insights and Western reasoning by employing both Korea’s distinctive features and western modernity, by integrating abstract and figurative features. Under Japanese academicism, he delved into Cubism and Fauvism, freeing his creative spirit and profoundly extending his artistic capacity under this new autonomy. During the three years that he spent as a foreigner in Paris, Kim devoted himself to the difficult question of how to embrace mainstream Western culture, while still adhering to his own experiences. “There's beauty in my art, and this beauty comes from having lived in the Korean countryside,” he once explained. Whanki Kim was a Korean painter best known for his softly colored abstractions. back to auction results 05-Iv-71 #200 (Universe) Sell Through Rate: 100% All auction results by Kim Whanki Artist: Kim Whanki. Kim Whanki is a pillar of Korean modern art. The majority of his work is currently held by the Whanki Museum in Seoul, Korea. Oct 1, 2018 - Whanki Kim was a Korean painter best known for his softly colored abstractions. In 1940 he had a one-person exhibition at the Jung Ja Ok Gallery, Seoul. (100 x 100 in.) In 1956, Kim Whan-Ki also left Korea, settling in Paris, where he would spend the next three years expanding his knowledge of the Western art historical canon. In 1963, Kim Whan-Ki decided to move from Seoul to New York. Lee Jung Seob: Fighting Bulls Oil on paper, ×cm. Kim combined Eastern insights and Western reasoning by employing both Korea’s distinctive features and western modernity, by integrating abstract and figurative features. ), Whanki (Special Exhibition for the 13th Sao Paulo Biennial), exh. Estimate: a cool million. It was a painstakingly time-consuming and labourintensive process, which gradually damaged Kim's spine. He became friendly with Gottlieb, and through him met Mark Rothko, a painter whom Kim most admired for his purist philosophy and metaphysical understanding of colour. Best known for his works that epitomise archetypal Korean aesthetics, Kim Whan-Ki was a pioneering abstract artist of Korea. Kim Whanki Biography. Lee Jung Seob: Fighting Bulls Oil on paper, ×cm. 20th Century & Contemporary Art Evening Sale, PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF MATTHEW KIM AND CHAE KUM KIM, KIM WHAN-KI (1913-1974) (30.5 x 21.5cm.) Kim's masterful control of blurring and the variation in tonality and washes generates an infinite depth of space and scalability. He actively pursued what would become a lifelong commitment to supporting painting, sculpture, literature, poetry, and music. Kim Whanki. The show primarily consisted of works on paper, but it also included a dozen canvases dated circa 1968. Kim Whanki (1913-1974) Untitled Signed and dated Whanki 1969 Gouache on paper 6 1/8 x 9¼in. It was during this time that Kim began to utilize dots in his works, sometimes even covering whole canvases with just dots. His peripatetic lifestyle, which saw him move from his homeland to Japan, France and finally to America, reflects his quest to develop and express a unique abstract painting style. The show primarily consisted of works on paper, but it also included a dozen canvases dated circa 1968. From humble biographical works to weighty retrospectives, Kim’s presence is never far from any discussion concerning the art of Korea—but also its culture, its traditions and its philosophies: indeed, his is more than just a household name. Kim Whanki, Daegue Art Museum, Daegue, Korea Whanki’s Works on Paper, Whanki Museum, Seoul, Korea 2017 The Aesthetics of Colors, Whanki Museum, Seoul, Korea The lines that I draw could reach to the end of the sky, Whanki Museum, Seoul, Korea 2016 The Man is gone and the Art has remained, Whanki Museum, Seoul, Korea 2015 KIM WHANKI LINE • SURFACE • DOT, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, … Access more artwork lots and estimated & realized auction prices on MutualArt. KIM WHANKI (1913-1974) Untitled 8-IIII-71 signed and dated ‘Whanki 8-IIII-71’ (lower right) gouache on paper 56.5 x 42 cm. In addition, this is also the largest painting that Kim ever created, with the greatest range of blues. Some of them based their work on traditional Korean ink portraits, and used traditional Korean … “There's beauty in my art, and this beauty comes from having lived in the Korean countryside,” he once explained. Filter by auction house, media and more. These deep cobalt dots are quintessential qualities of the artist's final and most accomplished creative period which spanned from 1970 to 1974. Kim ceaselessly explored a variety of materials and accepted new influences from art and culture he encountered in New York, transforming them into unique style of his own, culminating in the creation of Universe. These were years of anger and suffering, although Kim did complete some paintings. Featured works Featured works Thumbnails Kim Whanki (1913 - 1974) Untitled 1964 Gouache on Paper H 10.75" x W 9.375 Signed and Dated Lower Left Sold. The importance of Universe is not only evident in its aesthetic beauty but also in the significance the piece held for the artist. Sale, Christie’s New York, 18 September 2007, lot 443 Private Collection, Asia. Saved ... View Untitled (1970) By Kim Whanki; Oil on mulberry paper; 58.4 x 33.0 cm; Signed; . View additional info (100 x 50 in.) Browse Widewalls and discover more auction records by Kim Whanki, with prices and details of each lot! oil on cotton (diptych) Although the Korean painter Kim Whanki (1913-1974) spent significant portions of his career in Paris as well as in Seoul, this recent exhibition, entitled "Oeuvres inedites 1963-1973," corresponded to a period when he lived and worked in New York. Drawing. Filled with poetic symmetry and pattern, Universe embodies the transcendent qualities Kim Whan-Ki sought to capture in these late paintings, displaying the artist's technical dexterity when controlling the density of paint to achieve a magnificent feeling of infinite space and depth. Although the Korean painter Kim Whanki (1913–1974) spent significant portions of his career in Paris as well as in Seoul, this recent exhibition, entitled “Oeuvres inedites 1963–1973,” corresponded to a period when he lived and worked in New York. back to auction results 05-Iv-71 #200 (Universe) Sell Through Rate: 100% All auction results by Kim Whanki Artist: Kim Whanki. Mar 18, 2017 - Artwork by Kim Whanki, Untitled, Made of Oil on mulberry paper. The show primarily consisted of works on paper, but it also included a dozen canvases dated circa 1968. Nov 27, 2017 - Find artworks by Kim Whanki (Korean, 1913 - 1974) on MutualArt and find more works from galleries, museums and auction houses worldwide. Fondation Beyeler. The pioneers of Dansaekhwa are born between 1913 and 1936 and avoided any reference to Western realism in their works, creating primarily monochrome and minimalist paintings. He was lucky to have two talented artists as his teachers, the poet Kim Kirim and the painter Kim Hagun. Sep 28, 2018 - View 07-Vlll-6834 by Kim Whan-Ki on artnet. . After leaving his native Korea for the United States at the age of 25, Dr. Matthew Kim began a distinguished career in the medical profession, eventually becoming an accomplished surgeon in the New York City area. When he returned to Seoul in 1959 he had one-person exhibitions at the Korea Information Center Gallery and at the Bando Gallery. View additional info It was during this time that Kim began to utilize dots in his works, sometimes even covering whole canvases with just dots, such as in Where and in What Form Are We to Meet Again? View Kim Whan-Ki’s artworks on artnet. Gouache on paper Although the Korean painter Kim Whanki (1913-1974) spent significant portions of his career in Paris as well as in Seoul, this recent exhibition, entitled "Oeuvres inedites 1963-1973," corresponded to a period when he lived and worked in New York. Provenance ), ‘We remember the story behind each piece’: The Siegmund Collection of American folk art, Jean-Etienne Liotard’s Portrait of Philibert Cramer — a masterpiece of the Enlightenment. Jul 11, 2019 - From Seoul Auction, Kim Whanki, Untitled (2 works), Pencil on paper To create works such as this, the artist had to stand for long hours and look down upon a canvas laid on a table, bending over to mark each calligraphic dot one by one, carefully controlling the paint with a thin ink brush. Jul 11, 2019 - From Seoul Auction, Kim Whanki, Untitled (2 works), Pencil on paper Kim Whanki (1913-1974) Mountain and Moon Signed and dated Whanki 1964 Gouache on paper, framed and glazed 12 x 18½in. British Museum Art Images. During the Korean War (1951-53) Kim fled Seoul and lived in a refugee camp. Saved from artsy.net. 05-IV-71 #200 (UNIVERSE) In addition to being a supporter of the visual arts, Dr. Kim was an accomplished baritone; and as co-founder and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Korea Music Foundation, he was able to cultivate and support Korean musicians in New York. Kim Whanki FLIGHT 1913 - 1974 signed in English oil on canvas 62.9 by 92.7 cm; 24¾ by 36½ in. Schreibweise seines Namens. Apr 28, 2017 - Explore Dawoon Jung's board "Whanki Kim" on Pinterest. Kim Whanki Biography. In 1956, Kim left Korea for Paris to gain direct exposure to Western art and to develop his own visual language by learning from Western masters. Gradually expanding into planes arranged in cascading lines and concentric arcs across the canvas surface, in 1970 Kim first presented an abstract painting composed entirely of dots painted with a thin calligraphic brush in the manner of traditional Asian ink paintings. 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